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What’s important for crustaceans?  

  • High water quality 
  • Appropriate pond location 
  • Having strong post-larvae
  • Stable environmental conditions  
  • Correct water temperature 
  • Optimal alkalinity levels
  • Correct biosecurity procedures such as pond liners and fenced farms to prevent wild animals and harmful pathogens from entering.
  • Optimal use of probiotics to boost growth

Common challenges 

For shrimp: 

  • Acute Hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND): Bacterial infection that targets shrimp tissues and organs. Most common 30–35 days after stocking grow-out ponds.
  • White spot syndrome virus (WSSV): Viral infection that can impact feed intake and result in high mortality rates. Symptoms include a pink/reddish/brown coloration due to the expansion of cuticular chromatophores, along with occasional white spots.
  • Enterocytozoon Hepatopenaei (EHP): Microsporidian parasite that limits growth. Can be detected using gene-based tools.

Tips for maximizing health and performance 

    • Optimize feed and water quality 
    • Minimize stress during transportation 
    • Improve gut health 
    • Formulate stress-resistant nutrients in feed to help enhance immunity 
    • Implement good biosecurity practices 
    • Utilize correct aerations technology to aid and improve the dissolving of oxygen in the water
    • Regularly test water quality levels
    • Apply correct feeding levels (just below satiation)