What’s important for crustaceans?
- High water quality
- Appropriate pond location
- Having strong post-larvae
- Stable environmental conditions
- Correct water temperature
- Optimal alkalinity levels
- Correct biosecurity procedures such as pond liners and fenced farms to prevent wild animals and harmful pathogens from entering.
- Optimal use of probiotics to boost growth
- Acute Hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND): Bacterial infection that targets shrimp tissues and organs. Most common 30–35 days after stocking grow-out ponds.
- White spot syndrome virus (WSSV): Viral infection that can impact feed intake and result in high mortality rates. Symptoms include a pink/reddish/brown coloration due to the expansion of cuticular chromatophores, along with occasional white spots.
- Enterocytozoon Hepatopenaei (EHP): Microsporidian parasite that limits growth. Can be detected using gene-based tools.
Tips for maximizing health and performance
- Optimize feed and water quality
- Minimize stress during transportation
- Improve gut health
- Formulate stress-resistant nutrients in feed to help enhance immunity
- Implement good biosecurity practices
- Utilize correct aerations technology to aid and improve the dissolving of oxygen in the water
- Regularly test water quality levels
- Apply correct feeding levels (just below satiation)