Facing Reality in China: Survey Shows Hundred Percent of the Feed is Contaminated with Mycotoxins
[BEIJING] – Alltech’s survey conducted recently in China indicates that 100% of the animal feed samples tested from this last year’s harvest contain multiple mycotoxins. This staggering result demonstrates the need for animal producers to implement an integrated mycotoxin management programme that considers the challenge as a whole – from harvest to feed out and storage to feed management.
Each of the 254 feedstuff samples tested in Alltech’s Feed Toxicology Analytical Laboratory in China from across the country had multiple mycotoxin contamination. More than 80% of samples contained 6 or more mycotoxins of which 20% contained 9-11 mycotoxins and 4 % had more than 12 mycotoxins found. Fumonisin was the most prominent mycotoxin in all samples, 99% showed its presence. The second most common mycotoxin was Type B Trichothecenes (91%) followed by Zearalenones (80%).
Corn grain was the largest contributor to total samples (75 out of 254). Results showed a staggering 100% of corn samples were contaminated with minimum 3 mycotoxins, 80% of corn samples contaminated with 6 or more mycotoxins.
The survey results also indicated, that all species are at risk. There are many kinds of mycotoxins, with each one exhibiting different toxicity and impacting animal health, performance and productivity. They are responsible for causing several different diseases, called mycotoxicoses. These diseases commonly affect the liver, alimentary canal, smooth muscles, or kidneys.
“It is the Chinese producer’s productivity and profitability that can seriously be affected by mycotoxin contamination.” said Nick Adams, global sales director, Alltech’s Mycotoxin Management Team evaluating the results.
Increased demand on animal performance and productivity inevitably brings new challenges and risks to today’s animal production. Mycotoxins and their impact on the health and performance of animals are inherently linked to these demands, threatening the safety of feed and the security of food supply. Effective mycotoxin management is, now more than ever, fundamental to the success of any farm or feed mill.
Alltech, through its 37+™ Programme has identified 38 toxins most detrimental to animal health and performance. The samples in the Alltech’s 37+™ Feed Toxicology Analytical Laboratory in Beijing were analyzed for the presence and level of these 38 separate mycotoxins. Alltech’s dedicated Mycotoxin Management Team can interpret the findings so that producers have a more accurate picture of how the mycotoxins can affect the quality of Chinese feedstuffs and in turn each of the major species. The team has developed the Risk Equivalent Quantity (REQ), one figure that represents the overall risk to a given species’ health and performance by considering the challenge as a whole.
“The threat that mycotoxins will pose to Chinese producers in the 2014/2015 season is likely to be one of the biggest ever,” said Dr. Mark Lyons, vice president, corporate affairs at Alltech. Feed production in China decreased in 2013, and at the same time China maintained a significant level of grain imports. A large quantity of grain is currently being stored, often in poor storage conditions. Regions like Northern China have stocks even from the 2010/2011 season. “In this situation mycotoxins will be rampant. Our team at Alltech is made up of technical, research and field based people who focus on providing management techniques and solutions that help producers safeguard the quality of their feed and the health of their animals,” added Lyons.