Agricultural Experimental Station Dłoń

Jun 28
Agricultural Experimental Station Dłoń

The first confirmed historical recording of the village and the manor in Dłoń, parish Miejska Górka (roughly 100 km from Poznań), comes from the XIV century. At that time, the manor was owned by the Adwaniec Kołaczkowski family and it has changed ownership many times since then.

In 1910, the manor became the property of Princess Otylia Drucka-Lubecka who began modernizing the facilities on the estate. The manor-house was enlarged into a neoclassical style although its existing walls were preserved in their original form and multiple farm buildings were added. The estate has belonged to the Life Sciences University in Poznań since 1957. The land owned by the farm is flat and compact. The farm consists of 635 hectares including 562 hectares of arable land. Most of the land has class III and IV soils. The manor-house with the gardens and most of the farm buildings are registered as official historic monuments.

The crop cultivation is focused on cereals (mainly wheat and barley), industrial plants (rapeseed and sugar beet) and roughage. The livestock production is based on dairy cattle of Polish Black-and-White breed with significant addition of Friesian and Holstein blood. A proportion of the female stock is sold as broodstock. The average yields of cereals (76 q/ha), rape (51 q/ha) and sugar beets (800 q/ha) as well as productivity of milk (average 10,200 kg per cow per annum) are significantly higher than the averages for the whole region. The farm has 27 employees. Cattle Breeding and Milk Production faculty collaborate on increasing productivity and milk quality, proper mating, selection and introduction of up-to-date biotechnological techniques, which drives steady increases in production.

The Plant Husbandry and Genetics faculty, have administered an experimental station on the farm since the 1990s. It carries out research and development studies on pea, tetraploidal red clover, rapeseed, camelina sativa and soya cultivation. The studies on soya cultivation resulted in development of varieties Naviko and Gaj, which are well adapted to climate conditions of southern and central regions of Poland. Each year Agricultural Experimental Station Dłoń takes part in the National and Regional Livestock Tradeshows and frequently wins first place and runner up prizes for their heifers.

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